According to later Jewish theology, the real Jerusalem, like all other sacred things, existed originally in heaven. "The "yoke" was used in current Jewish parlance in an honorable sense for the obligation to keep the law of Moses, and the Judaizers may well have urged the Galatians to "take the yoke of the law" upon themselves. ἐνέχεσθε, “entangled,” A.V. The laughter of Hagar’s boy at Sarah’s weaning-feast seems but a slight offence to be visited with the punishment of expulsion; and the incident one beneath the dignity of theological argument. The οὖν, the ᾗ, and the ἡμᾶς are matter of doubt and of various reading. The apostles, in their synod, Acts 15:10, had called it a yoke, which neither they nor their fathers were able to bear. Our conscience must he trained to fall back on the freedom purchased for us by Christ. The word is one of ill repute in exegesis. At different stages of maturity new codes are instituted, but some of the same commandments appear often. It left the Ishmael of nature unchanged at heart, a child of the flesh, with whatever robes of outward decorum his nakedness was covered. That it never had any reference to Christian obligations, whether in the realm of obedience to the primary ordinances of God, or adherence to the ethical commandments of our holy faith, is absolutely certain. [1 Thessalonians 2:16] Year by year they became more hardened against spiritual truth, more malignant towards Christianity, and more furious and fanatical in their hatred towards their civil rulers. (C. H. So many fail to stand firm in what they believe today. 5. This course could only have one result. II. "Cut it down," Jesus cried, "why cumbereth it the ground?". Others, by adoption, understand that full state of liberty of which the apostle had been before speaking, in opposition to that state of childhood and nonage in which believers were until the times of the gospel; for, Galatians 5:1, we shall find that that was a liberty wherewith Christ made us free: and indeed this last sense seemeth best to agree with what the apostle had before said, Galatians 4:1-3, though the other … Sproul Calvin’s Commentary on the Bible: Galatians 1, at Paul’s Letter to the Galatians, at Conversion and Call, at The Early Christians Were Focused on Solidarity Across Race, Class and Gender. "Commentary on Galatians 5:1". When they come they will bring their own escapes and their own balances. 4. Christian liberty is the liberty of holiness. "Commentary on Galatians 5:1". https: ), No man has reached liberty until he has learned to obey with such facility and perfection that he does it without knowing it, If I step upon a little bit of plank in the street I walk along over it without thinking. Beyond the sanctuary and enclosing it, was the Court of the Jews, through which access was obtained to the inner shrine. But the contrary, Pericles declared, was the case at Athens; each man respected the feelings of his neighbour. Sometimes it will assume the form of humility; and make you stand aloof from Christ because of your own unworthiness: ‘You are not good enough to come to him: he will never receive so vile a sinner as you.’ There is no end to the delusions which your own deceitful hearts will suggest, to sanction, in some degree or other, a dependence on your own works. The oldest manuscripts read, “in liberty (so Alford, Moberley, Humphry, and Ellicott. [Note: The Confession of Faith; the Larger and Shorter Catechisms, with the Scripture Proofs at Large, 21:7.] Bondage under the wrath of God and fear of eternal death. By the merit of His death. ταύτῃ, or ἣν ἔχομεν, or some other addition of the kind. I can go into the presence of God. It is as natural as growing up. Stand fast therefore in the liberty — From the ceremonial law. quite light! Mostly in Paul. We are subject to punishment.—Implying: 1. If, gives the correct text, it is probably a gloss. We are sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus (Galatians 3:26), and we are heirs according to the promise (Galatians 3:29). In Paul is fulfilled the joy of prophet and psalmist, who sang in former days of gloom concerning Israel’s enlargement and world-wide victories. The redemption of man was hopeless from himself, and but for the intervention of a competent Redeemer he was involved in utter and irretrievable bondage. τῇ ἐλευθερίᾳ ἡμᾶς χριστὸς ἠλευθέρωσε· στήκετε οὖν—“For freedom did Christ free us: stand therefore.” This is adopted by Lachmann, Meyer, Usteri, Hofmann, and Alford. The appeal is for an obstinate perseverance in freedom as the only proper response to an attempt to bring Christians once more under legalism.". It does not hem me round with a mechanical ritual, does not enjoin forms, attitudes, and hours of prayer, does not descend to details of dress and food, does not put on me one outward badge. ],” or be induced to “make shipwreck of your faith in Christ [Note: 1 Timothy 1:19. This verse is closely connected with the immediately preceding one (Galatians 4:31), and is, as we have just said, the prime inferential and practical lesson. Galatians 4:9; in fact, the whole world was under the law in the sense of its being God’s only revelation to them) involved (reff.) The verb means "is in the same category with."—A. 1685. They do but assure their own ruin. (Milton. It might have been supposed that, under the severer system, boys would be afraid to do wrong, and that they would take advantage of the more lenient system to deceive. ), The liberty wherewith Christ has made men free is a deliverance from a system of rules, positive and prohibitory--a temporary and provisional system which had an educational value, training men to the full privileges of religious manhood. All rights reserved. II. 'Stand fast, therefore (this is the order of "therefore" in 'Aleph (') A B C Delta G steekete (Greek #4739) oun) (Greek #3767), and be not entangled (implying the difficulty of getting free again) again (as when ye were pagan: note Galatians 4:9) in a yoke of bondage' (namely, the law, Galatians 4:24; Acts 15:10). We are to hold fast our liberty in the day of trial.—. Dispensational theologians have suggested another answer to this question that to me seems more consistent with what Scripture says. The prophetic inspiration has returned. Ritualism and priestly autocracy go hand in hand. 8, p. 354 D Dem. "legalism" as it is commonly used to describe both legalism and nomism. Nor does the apostle oppose Christ so immediately to circumcision as he does to the law. It is the same rule of exclusion which Paul announces: "If any man hath not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of His". He is the great emancipator of the spirit, and the conscience, and the intellect, and the heart of man. BibliographySimeon, Charles. As long as we cling to Him with a steadfast faith we possess His priceless gifts. But Paul bluntly points out that the ordinances of the law as demanded by the Judaizers constitute a slave"s yoke, so that he uses the word in the bad sense of an imposed burden, like slavery (cf. One was the child of nature, the other was the son of a spiritual faith. The Jews were under bondage to the ceremonial law, involving great trouble, pain in the flesh, and great expense. How can he be free who acts only as others choose? When they come, they will bring their own escapes and their own balances. The gentleman took him into his service, and he never had a more faithful servant. What else can they expect when they trust in works and not in the Word of God? does not produce any obscurity or abruptness (in opposition to Reiche). Wetst. Sinai. In Romans 9:1-33; Romans 10:1-21; Romans 11:1-36, written shortly after this Epistle, Paul assumes this as a settled thing, which he has to account for and to reconcile with Scripture. ].” But you must “resist him, steadfast in the faith [Note: 1 Peter 5:8-9. 3.) His will is with God’s will. BibliographyAbbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. I. Christian liberty is the liberty of faith. Previously they had been (most of them) in the yoke of heathenism; now they were on the point of being held in the yoke of Mosaism (only another kind of the στοιχεῖα τοῦ κόσμου). [1 Thessalonians 2:16] Year by year they became more hardened against spiritual truth, more malignant towards Christianity, and more furious and fanatical in their hatred towards their civil rulers. The old covenant cursed us for one transgression, and provided no remedy for us whatever: the new covenant provides for us all that our necessities can require—pardon, and peace, and holiness, and glory. When it begins to shine a little he fights against it with might and main. Liberty is when the outer law and the inner law are the same, and both are good. 1330; Plat. All other rights reserved. By suffering the penalty due to his transgressions, he has released us from it—, [Christ became the Surety and Substitute of sinful man. It lives by the breath of His Spirit. 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